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CMI-Response

Approach

Response

The Survival Fund

Resilience

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Providing Emergency Aid and Journeying with Survivors

Disasters occur in many forms. Be it famines, floods, or refugee crises, The Survival Fund enables World Vision to respond quickly to unforeseen catastrophes and journey with children and communities to recovery. 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE FOR HAITI EARTHQUAKE SURVIVORS

(UPDATED 19 AUGUST 2021)

With more than 200,000 inhabitants, the town of Jeremie suffered significant damage in the downtown area, which is mainly made up of old single- and two-story houses. "The roof of the cathedral of the city has fallen," a resident as reported "The main street is blocked. This is where there is all the economic activity of the city.

A 7.2 earthquake rocked Haiti this Saturday morning, 14, August 2021, causing deaths, injuries, and property damages in the southwest of the island, and reviving terrible memories of the great earthquake of January 2010. 48 hours into the emergency, local authorities account for 1,297 dead, more than 3,000 injured treated in hospitals, and thousands missing and left homeless.

 

An estimated 822,516 people are also exposed to high risk as the main earthquake has been followed by constant aftershocks with magnitudes ranging between 4.5 and 6.2. Out of those at risk, 31% are children under the age of 15.

 

This quake obviously occurred at a worse moment for the country already bruised 11 years ago. Haiti has been through a mix of bad circumstances including the COVID-19 pandemic, the food insecurity threatening more than four million Haitians, and the political stalemate that is likely to worsen since the assassination of President Jovenel Moise on July 7.

 

Currently, hospitals are overwhelmed and at top capacity, given the prior attention of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many injured people remain in the streets and without medical attention. The destruction of more than 13,000 homes also corresponds with scenes of children and families sleeping in the open and without access to food or clean water. In addition, the proximity of tropical depression Grace further complicates and narrows the window to send urgent humanitarian aid.

 

The poorest country in the Americas still remembers the earthquake of January 12, 2010, which devastated the capital and several provincial cities. More than 200,000 people were killed and more than 300,000 others were injured in the disaster.

 

CURRENT SITUATION

 

World Vision has already provided immediate relief including a shipment of food kits and hygiene goods. These supplies will support 6,000 people initially. As the response continues, World Vision aims to support 240,000 vulnerable people, out of which 60,000 are children, in the following areas:

  • Ensure the availability of clean water and purifiers to prevent infectious diseases such cholera or Covid-19. 

  • Provide tents to shelter people who lost their homes and are exposed to the elements. 

  • Provide primary food assistance to families, prioritizing those with children. 

  • Ensure the wellbeing of vulnerable children, especially those in orphanages, making sure they are safe and cared for amid the prevailing social unrest. 


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SOUTH ASIA EMERGENCY RESPONSE FOR COVID-19 
Expanding our response across India and Nepal

(UPDATED 17 MAY 2021)

India is experiencing an unprecedented catastrophic situation due to the spike in COVID-19 cases. The rapid increase in COVID-19 cases is crippling an already over-burdened health care system while the long-lasting pandemic has led to a major livelihood crisis across all sections of society in the country.

However, aside from India, we are also now witnessing a surge of huge proportions in India’s neighbouring countries, such as Nepal which shares an open border with India in the east, west and south. 

In Nepal, the infection rate has increased at the rate of 233% in the last 30 days. Like India, Nepal is also reeling towards an unprecedented health emergency with the continuing spike in the number of COVID-19 cases and related deaths. The country’s infection rate began to rise in March 2021 soon after the second wave hit India in February 2021 with the new COVID-19 variant. Records also show an increased number of children and youth affected. It is projected by health experts that Nepal’s cases may peak by end-June with over 11,000 cases per day, indicating that this trend will continue in the coming weeks.  

Children and families in the South Asian communities that World Vision serves have continued to bear COVID-19 related economic, social, physical as well as psychological risks. Children have already been away from school for over a year, and most of them do not have access to alternative learning. With families losing their livelihood because of the prohibitory orders (lockdown) in many cities, families and children continue to struggle even to manage two meals a day. Moreover, child protection issues are also on the rise, especially among communities rendered vulnerable by the effect of this pandemic, exposing children to the increasing risks of physical and sexual violence within the walls of their house and child marriage.    

 

CURRENT SITUATION

On 28 April, World Vision Singapore launched an Emergency Response for COVID-19 In India with emergency aid ongoing in the country. However, in light of the escalating situation in the region, World Vision will be expanding our respond efforts to cover the vulnerable communities across India and Nepal. We are also continuing to monitor the situation in the region and may include other countries like Sri Lanka in the response as the situation progresses.

 

Planned interventions include:

  • Providing oxygen supply and beds for health centres

  • Raising awareness raising on COVID-19 prevention and protection

  • Providing food and cash assistance for hungry families

  • Assisting families to restart their livelihoods

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EMERGENCY RESPONSE FOR COVID-19 IN INDIA

(UPDATED 27 APRIL 2021)

“If this corona was not there, then our father would be here with us right now… I have lost my father… I miss his love…I miss it the most…The way he loved my mother and us…,” says 14-year-old Sufian* from India

India is experiencing a second wave with an alarming increase in the number of COVID-19 cases across the country. The current surge in the number of COVID-19 cases is the worst India has witnessed.

The rapid increase in COVID-19 cases is crippling an already over-burdened health care system. Hospitals across the country are running out of beds, oxygen supply in intensive care units and ventilators, leaving many severely ill patients unable to access any form of treatment.

To curb the spread of COVID-19, the state governments have introduced many restrictions and night curfews. Many hotels, community centres and hostels are being converted into temporary COVID care centres in several states to accommodate COVID-19 patients. The possibility of another lockdown has caused fear among vulnerable sections of India’s population, many of whom work as migrant daily wage labourers in other towns and cities.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a major livelihood crisis across all sections of society, with the most vulnerable being severely impacted. The conditions of the urban poor, migrant labourers returning to their villages, small and marginal farmers and small business owners have significantly worsened because of the livelihood crisis and the associated uncertainties affecting the quality of life.

CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision has supported 6.6 million people in India since March 2020. In light of the recent surge of COVID-19 cases, World Vision aims to expand its emergency response efforts. Planned interventions include:

 

  • Support health centres and hospitals with oxygen supply and beds

  • Provide the most vulnerable families with food and non-food essentials such as rice, lentils, soap, tooth-paste and etc.

  • Awareness building on COVID-19 prevention

  • Assisting farmers and small entrepreneurs to restart livelihood activities

     

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FIRE IN ROHINGYA REFUGEE CAMP IN COX’S BAZAR, BANGLADESH

(UPDATED 24 MARCH 2021)

"I saw smoke coming rising from another side of the hill. People were shouting and panicking. I rescued my siblings and went to Thaingkhali camp to save ourselves," says 11-year-old Baitullah, as he looks at the now charred remains of his home, having already lost his home once in Myanmar.

Thousands of vulnerable Rohingya refugees have been affected after a fire swept through the world’s largest and most densely populated refugee camp on Monday 22 March 2021. Nearly one million of them live in temporary shelters on the hillsides of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, since fleeing their homes in Myanmar in 2017.

The massive fire has damaged some food distribution points as well as water and sanitation facilities. It has also damaged temporary shelters which has left thousands without food or proper protection from the elements.

“They have been living with ongoing uncertainty, storms and the threat of disease outbreaks since fleeing their homes in 2017. This fire is the last thing that they need at a time when shelter is critical for protection from the impending monsoon season, and COVID-19 is threatening to circulate around the crowded camps at an alarming rate. An unforgiving incident like this just deepens the sense of hopelessness in the hearts of everyone here at Cox’s Bazar” - Response Director, Rohingya Crisis Response, World Vision Bangladesh, Fredrick Christopher

CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision has activated an emergency response to provide immediate support to the affected people, especially children who have lost their homes and loved ones in this devastating incident. Rapid response teams are on the ground providing emergency relief for the Rohingya refugees, including distributing high-energy biscuits to about 10,000 households provided by World Food Programme. Some of World Vision's education centres and multi-purpose centres have also been converted to emergency shelters.

Further ground assessment is also being carried out to determine and ensure the most pressing needs of the Rohingya refugees are met during this challenging time.

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TYPHOONS GONI, MOLAVE AND VAMCO IN THE PHILIPPINES AND VIETNAM
(UPDATED 23 NOVEMBER 2020)

The Philippines and Vietnam have been suffering from a recent onslaught of multiple typhoons. From October to November 2020, both countries have each experienced eight storms and severe flooding. This included Typhoon Molave which was the strongest storm to hit Vietnam in 20 years as well as Super Typhoon Goni which had wind strengths comparable to that of Typhoon Haiyan when it made landfall in the Philippines.

Few days after Super Typhoon Goni left the Philippine landmass, battering the populous island of Luzon, Typhoon Vamco struck the country, further aggravating the situation of families. Typhoon Vamco also subsequently moved to Vietnam.

Both Vietnam and the Philippines are dealing with multiple disasters, including COVID-19. Aside from the devastating impact of the typhoons, the threat of COVID-19 pandemic has also been a lingering concern of the affected families.

CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision teams are on the ground providing emergency aid to children and families affected by the typhoons. As of 19 November 2020, 3,342 families in the Philippines have received life-saving essentials like food, hygiene kits, shelter kits, collapsible water containers, and menstrual hygiene kits. A further 5,000 people from Vietnam also have been provided with life-saving assistance that includes drinking water, dried food, noodles, candles and drinking water treatment.

Following the impact of the additional storms (Etau and Vamco) which happened in both the Philippines and Vietnam since World Vision’s response was launched, World Vision has updated our response plan and aims to support nearly 30,000 needy families in the Philippines and Vietnam.

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EXPLOSION IN BEIRUT, LEBANON
(UPDATED 02 SEPTEMBER 2020)

On Aug. 4, 2020 a massive explosion in Lebanon’s capital tore through several downtown neighborhoods, destroying homes, shattering glass, and releasing thick smoke into the air. The blast has killed more than 100 people, wounding thousands, and leaving as many as 300,000 homeless. The explosion has also caused extensive damage to buildings within a large radius of the blast site and hospitals are said to be overwhelmed.

 

Lebanon's Prime Minister Hasan Diab has called the incident a "catastrophe" and this disaster could not come at a worse time; Lebanon, which was already hosting millions of Syrian refugees, is in the middle of an economic crisis and has also seen the rate of COVID-19 infections drastically increase over the past few weeks.

 

CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision has been responding to the needs of the Beirut survivors since the blast. To learn about the response progress and impact, please refer to the latest impact report.

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GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY RESPONSE FOR COVID-19
(UPDATED 22 FEBRUARY 2021)

COVID-19 is a contagious virus that was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019. It causes flu-like and respiratory symptoms and is transmitted from person-to-person. On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic, pointing to the over 118,000 cases of the coronavirus illness in over 110 countries and territories around the world and the sustained risk of further global spread.

World Vision is especially concerned about especially concerned about the coronavirus spreading to children living in poorer communities. While wealthy countries typically have 2-12 hospital beds per 1,000 population, in the poorest countries it is as few as 1 bed per 10,000. There also can be a lack of oxygen, ventilators, and intensive care units. In refugee camps, this kind of medical support is commonly not accessible and death rates from COVID-19 may be higher than the 3.4% reported so far and which come from countries with more advanced healthcare systems.  Infection rates may be higher due to cramped living conditions and poor hygiene.

In a growing effort to protect the world’s most vulnerable against the rapid global spread of COVID-19, World Vision is increasing its response in 17 countries, namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Lebanon, Mongolia, Philippines, Senegal, South Africa, Syria, and Thailand. These have been chosen on the basis of the impact of and vulnerability to COVID-19, sponsorship operations, and World Vision’s in-country capacity to respond. Countries may graduate off or be added to the list as the pandemic impacts various parts of the world.

The focus of this global response will be through three areas of intervention:

  1. Promoting preventive measures to stop or slow the spread of COVID-19

  2. Supporting health systems and workers 

  3. Supporting children made vulnerable by COVID-19.

    More information found here


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TAAL VOLCANO EMERGENCY RESPONSE, PHILIPPINES
(UPDATED 15 JANUARY 2020)

11-year old Princess from Laurel, Batangas shared, "I pray that this will be over so we can go home soon." Her family is taking refuge in a school turned evacuation center, sharing a classroom with seven other families. Princess says it's cold in the evening, she could barely sleep. She also gets terrified with the constant jolts caused by the restless Taal.

The Taal Volcano in Philippines began erupting on 12 January 2020, spewing ash and lava. Tens of thousands of people are evacuating near the capital of Philippines, Manila, amid warning of a further possible “explosive eruption” imminent within hours or days. There are at least 450,000 people within the danger zone who are the most vulnerable to possible hazards of pyroclastic density currents and volcanic tsunami. More than 4,000 families or 18,000 individuals are now staying inside evacuation centres, including children distressed by the volcanic activities.

 

Areas near the volcano are covered with ash. Communities are like ghost town, no people, dusty, and everything is coloured grey. Agricultural lands also covered by ashes, severely affecting livelihoods like farming and fishing. Children are particularly vulnerable to respiratory illnesses because of the ash fall that has reached even Metro Manila. Prolonged exposure to ash could trigger respiratory illnesses, gastrointestinal problems due to ash-contaminated food and water. It can also cause eye irritation.


CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision’s response team is already on the ground to support the ongoing needs of affected children and communities. World Vision aims to initially support the immediate needs of 2,000 families or 10,000 individuals with:

  • Provision of hygiene kits (e.g. bath and laundry soaps, toothbrushes and toothpastes, sanitary packs, nail cutter, and undergarments)

  • Provision of non-food items (mosquito net, mats, blanket, dust mask and drinking water)

  • Set up child-friendly spaces to help children cope from the distress caused by the disaster

Additionally, plans are in place for early recovery, including implementation of cash-for-work focusing on community clean-up.

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HUNGER EMERGENCY RESPONSE ZAMBIA
(UPDATED 23 OCTOBER 2019)

Elina is 70 year old grandmother living in Mambobe community in Zambia’s southern province which has been hard-hit by the recurrent drought. She shares, “We have resorted to only eating one meal a day to survive the next critical days as we look up to those who may come to assist us with food and water to save our lives. If we won’t get any help in the next one to two months, we will die,”

She add, “A family like mine has nothing to fall back on. I have no livestock and I lost everything: I planted more than a hectare of maize field and from that I have only harvested very little maize that has even failed to fill the dish [with capacity of 12-15 litres].

Southern Africa has increasingly experienced the negative effects of climate change in recent years, with recurrent droughts, floods and cyclones generating exponential growth in hunger and impacting livelihoods. As the region never fully recovered from the impacts of the 2015/2016 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-induced drought, the recurrent drought is sending many rural, subsistence farmers deeper into poverty. While countries in Southern Africa are affected to varying degrees, Zambia has been particularly hard-hit. In Zambia, hunger is aggravated by unfavourable economic conditions influenced by poor macro-economic management.

CURRENT SITUATION

Reports suggests that over 2.3 million people in Zambia are estimated to be facing acute hunger. Cropping typically contributes about 60% of annual food needs for rural households in Zambia but severe drought has caused an average of 95% crop failure in affected regions. Even if there are good rains during the 2019/2020 farming season, it is expected that most agricultural dependent households will also have no seed to cultivate their fields. To cope, the selling of livelihood assets is likely to increase, further plunging households into poverty.

To alleviate hunger induced by drought and climate change, World Vision is conducting an emergency hunger response focused on preserving lives and livelihoods. Specifically, World Vision will:

  • Distribute food to targeted households

  • Provide drought-tolerant seed varieties to targeted drought-affected households.

FLOOD AND LANDSLIDES RESPONSE AND RECOVERY, NEPAL 
(UPDATED 9 SEPTEMBER 2019)

Sindhuli Flood Response

This year, the monsoon season, which traditionally lasts from June–September, started on 11 July 2019. Heavy monsoon rains have resulted in floods and landslides in 32 districts across the country. Specifically, a total of 222 landslides was recorded throughout the country from 1 July 2019 to 1 August 2019, with Udaypur and Sindhuli being two of the most affected districts.

The Ministry of Home affairs has confirmed that 117 have died, 38 people are missing, and 80 have been injured. Furthermore, according to a report published by UNICEF on 2nd August 2019, over 413,572 people have been affected, of which 59,565 are children. Along with the large loss of life, significant damage to assets, housing, water and sanitation infrastructure, food stocks, crops and livestock have been reported. 


RELIEF RESPONSE

In coordination with the respective District Disaster Management Committees and Local Disaster Management committees, World Vision has distributed a total of 1,114 non-food item kits in the affected districts as well as provided 132 households with food rations. In Sindhuli, the following items were distributed to date:

  • 10 food packs

  • 10 water and sanitation kits, including buckets, mugs, water filter, and jerry cans

  • 97 hygiene kits, including towels, soaps, toothbrush, toothpastes, and female sanitary items

  • 48 dignity kits, including undergarments, soap, slippers, sanitary napkins, and torch lights

  • 128 student kits, including school bags, pencils, erasers, and sharpeners


CURRENT SITUATION

Flood waters have receded in most areas, and following repair works major highways are operational.  However, needs remain and the medium-term focus in other sectors is on recovery.

To this end, rebuilding projects and livelihood interventions are in the pipeline, including:

  • Facilitating debris clearing of irrigation canals, culverts and roads through cash for work

  • Repairing and reconstructing irrigation system, access to culverts and roads, market centre, school buildings, and health posts

  • Providing flood-affected farmers with seeds so that they can continue the farming after the clearance of waste of flood is done in the farms or in their kitchen gardens

  • Providing flood-affected families with livestock so provide alternative sources of income and improve their livelihoods

  • Conducting technical trainings for farmers on improved livestock raising and vegetable farming techniques

VENEZUELA MIGRANT CRISIS
(UPDATED 23 JULY 2019)

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"We had everything there and here we have very little,” says their Venezuelan mom who fled two months ago due to the hunger, lack of opportunities and insecurity present in Venezuela. She arrived with just two bags at the Talento sector, an illegal settlement in Cúcuta. Thanks to World Vision, they had the opportunity to access food vouchers that offer them the possibility of acquiring a basic basket of food. 

"With the voucher we were able to buy oats for our children, cereals, milk and a few other products. Thank you very much for this help you’re giving us, because this way, our children can have our basic daily meals,” says another grateful mother. 

Latin America’s largest migration from Venezuela to Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Brazil and Peru is ongoing, with more than 1.25 million people settling in Colombia alone. Venezuela is in crisis. The economy has collapsed, and an uprising of political opposition to President Nicolas Maduro has put the country’s leadership in question. Driven by hyperinflation, violence, and food and medicine shortages stemming from recent years of political turmoil, about 3.4 million Venezuelans — 5,000 per day in 2018 — have left the country seeking food, work, and a future.

Once-eradicated diseases like cholera and malaria have returned, and children increasingly are dying of causes related to hunger and malnutrition. According to a UNHCR February 2019 assessment, for Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Colombia, only 17.2% have access to food; 15.4% have access to health.

Children are among the most vulnerable in this crisis. As food stocks dwindle, they are at greater risk of hunger and death. And they face greater danger of exploitation and harm while in transit with their fleeing families. Girls often face gender-based violence and greater risk of trafficking.

Key challenges include
• Hyperinflation in Venezuela
• Cholera and malaria have returned
• Lack of food and medicine
• Risk of trafficking

CURRENT SITUATION

World Vision is working to help 300,000 migrants, of which 131,000 are children in Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru.
• Brazil: Run Child Friendly Spaces so that migrant children in difficult living conditions have a place to play, learn and receive psychosocial care, and facilitate registration for official documents
• Colombia: Provide healthcare, food, economic empowerment and educational programming, as well as run Child Friendly Spaces
• Ecuador: Distribute hygiene kits and conduct workshops in child protection and economic empowerment
• Peru: Equip families with healthcare, hygiene, food services and pre-paid cash cards so they can cover their basic needs upon arrival

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LAOS FLOODS RELIEF AND RECOVERY
(UPDATED 29 AUGUST 2019)

30-year-old Phaivanh is a single mom with two children. Sharing her experience during the flood, she says, "I received a phone called from my cousin in another village. They told me to move out from the village quickly because the floodwater was coming to my village. Within minutes the water arrived at our village. I didn’t know what to do, I just climbed up to my neighbour house’s roof and stayed there night then I was rescued at 10:30am the next day. I was very scared, but I am lucky that my children survived because of my older sister helped me. Thank you very much for the relief hygiene kit. I am very happy to receive this support."

In late July - early August 2018, tropical storm Son-Tinh devastated Laos and caused massive flooding across Northern, Central and Southern Lao PDR. The situation escalated with the incident at the Xepien-Xenamnoy Hydropower dam construction in Attapeu Province, causing flash-floods affecting the villages downstream. It was the worst flood in a ten years. 268,000 people were estimated to have been affected, 49 people lost their lives, 1,658 houses were destroyed, and 66,000 hectares of land was damaged. In total, 17 provinces were badly affected, with Khammoun province being the most affected province, after Attapeu Province which was featured extensively in the media.


RELIEF RESPONSE

World Vision was one of the first international organisation to start relief distribution of tents, mosquito nets, hygiene kits, blankets, water, and rice. To date, water and food interventions have been provided for the survival and recovery of affected populations. A total of 1,796 people flood-affected villagers were supported, including 771 children.

 

CURRENT SITUATION

To ensure the recovery of the affected families and communities, World Vision continues to engage in disaster recovery in Laos. To this end, rebuilding of schools in Savannakhet and Khammoune are in the pipeline.

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Click on these situational reports for the latest disaster updates.

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