Disasters occur in many forms. Be them famines, floods, or refugee crises, World Vision focuses on helping those who are left most vulnerable and helpless by the aftermath.
The Survival Fund enables us to pre-empt increasingly predictable extreme weather, respond quickly to unforeseen catastrophes and journey with children and communities to recovery.
Indonesia Central Sulawesi Earthquake and Tsunami
Updated as of 13 October, Saturday
On 28 Sep, an earthquake of magnitude 7.4 hit Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, causing massive destruction in Donggala, Palu and Mamuju. A 2-metre high tsunami struck the coast in the aftershocks. According to reports, more than 2.4 million people are affected, 2,045 people have lost their lives, 2,549 people are seriously injured and more than 670 people are still missing. In addition, 82,000 people are displaced, 67,000 homes are damaged and the education of 186,000 children is disrupted. The most vulnerable groups are child-headed households and adolescent mothers.
Though access to the affected areas is hampered, World Vision has managed to reach 5,388 people with food assistance, child protection, Water Hygiene and Sanitation and shelter:
Wahana Visi* Indonesia has several projects in Central Sulawesi and sponsored children in Palu, Sigi and Parimo supported by various World Vision offices.
*Wahana Visi is World Vision’s representative in Indonesia.
Our highest priority remains the needs of children. Urgent needs identified include the need for drinking water, food for children and infants, tents and tarpaulins for temporary shelter purposes, medication and emergency health services. Key child protection issues identified include disruption of education and livelihood, lack of electricity, lack of privacy due to disruption of sanitation facilities and physical dangers due to debris. We are also working to ensure that children will not be trafficked amidst the chaos.
World Vision Singapore is supporting emergency needs of those affected, especially children. Your generous donation helps to support families with shelter kits, water supplies, child protection and psychosocial support for young children in Child-Friendly Spaces, provision of food in this urgent time, and basic items for infants.
World Vision staff are working to reach our target of at least 80,000 people for the initial relief distributions.
Shelter and hygiene kits are among the items given to families, so they have a safe and proper place to stay.
See World Vision’s response plans for the next 6 months. Our humanitarian response aims to be holistic and to address the needs of survivors beyond the immediate aftermath, in order to leave them better supported and stronger in recovery.
TYPHOON MANGKHUT, PHILIPPINES
Updated as of 18 September, Tuesday
Typhoon Mangkhut made landfall in Baggao, Cagayan at 1.40am, local time, 15 September. Some 1,096,799 people have been affected. About 40,000 people were evacuated early, and 90% of them are being housed in evacuation centres . There is massive flooding in 79 areas and an estimated US$250 million in crop damage. 51 landslides and 34 deaths have been reported in Corderillo and Benguet. In Baggao, where Mangkhut first landed, the homes of more than 3750 families were damaged by the typhoon, and agricultural losses are estimated at US$8.3million. The immediate needs of affected families there are food, shelter, and hygiene supplies.
World Vision's Response
World Vision has started relief distribution to 780 families in Cagayan and are on ground in Benguet where the landslides occurred.
World Vision is set to support emergency needs in the next 6 months, in Cagayan Province for families in Cagayan (Baggao) and Benguet, two of the typhoon’s hardest hit areas. Our current focus is on providing affected children with child protection and psychosocial support, affected families with essential non-food items, hygiene supplies and water purification kits. To help families rebuild and tide over the current period, we will also provide shelter support and emergency cash support for needy vulnerable families.
To sustainably help families struck by or prone to typhoons such as Mangkhut, we will build on disaster resilience or livelihood recovery work in these communities. Our existing community development work pre- and post-disaster also help families in poverty become self-reliant and increases their resilience to disasters.
EMERGENCY AID TO LOMBOK EARTHQUAKE SURVIVORS
Lombok Island has been struck by multiple earthquakes. More than 3.5million people have been affected, including over 430,000 who are displaced, 483 have lost their lives and 1,413 are injured. With the recent two earthquakes on 19 August, after the first three earlier in the month, needs have expanded and help is needed in more provinces in Lombok. There continues to be calls for humanitarian assistance.
World Vision is responding to the urgent needs of survivors in Lombok. We have been on ground since the aftermath of the first quake, and focus especially on the needs of young children under two years old.
World Vision Singapore is providing relief and support to young children:
Help hungry young children with:
i. Food for young child survivors under two years old
Keep homeless and shelterless child survivors warm with:
2. Children kits containing warm blankets and other essential survival items for children
As the Syria crisis enters its 8th year, civilians continue to bear the brunt of a conflict marked by unparalleled suffering, destruction and disregard for human life. 13.1 million people require humanitarian assistance, including close to 3 million people in need trapped in besieged and hard-to-reach areas. As of August 2018, there are close to 976,000 refugees in Lebanon and 668,123 in Jordan.
Due to the crisis, and despite ongoing relief efforts, millions of Syrians face mounting difficulties in meeting their basic needs. A growing number of Syrians are forced to make increasingly negative and risky choices to cope, including spending savings, running up debts buying on credit, depleting household assets, reducing food consumption and depleting productive assets.
It is hard to imagine the lives of children caught up in the displacement and destruction caused by this violence. Beyond families’ basic needs for food, water, health and shelter from heat and freezing cold, complex social problems affect children’s rights and individual resilience.
Unique struggles of child refugees
Over 40% of refugee children (1.7 million) are not in school. This represents a generation of children at risk of being uneducated.
Child Labour & Early Marriage
Girls as young as 11 have been coerced into marriage as families cannot afford to look after them.
Children from Syria and Iraq have been displaced multiple times as a result of conflicts in 2017 (Aleppo and Mosul). This compromises their psychosocial well-being.
Injury & Violence
2016 was the most deadly for children in the entire conflict, and many were recruited into conflict as child soldiers.
Family Resources & Livelihoods
Refugee families face unemployment and no means to pay for shelter, food, clothes and school for their children.
Health, Hygiene & Disease
Schools, clinics and hospitals have been singled out for bomb attacks.
Children lack access to medical clinics across Syria, 75% are not receiving vaccinations and many are malnourished.
Children at the heart of our response
Food assistance has improved nutrition for vulnerable families in Jordan, as well as for children in schools, where healthy meals and nutritious food bars have been distributed to young refugee children who attend. This has also encouraged school attendance, up by 10% since 2016 in Za’atari Camp and doubling since 2016 in Azraq Camp.
Early childhood development enhances learning ability later in life. World Vision runs early childhood education and Child-Friendly Spaces for preschoolers. These sessions also provide psychosocial support for young children who are struggling from the stresses of the conflict.
Health services increase survival and good health for children and mothers. In Syria, World Vision provided emergency health services and ran mobile health clinics in 2018, including emergency obstetrics along with antenatal and neonatal care, improving survival rates amongst babies and mothers.
World Vision's approach to the needs of children in the Syria Crisis
When refugees fled from Syria and into neighbouring countries, World Vision responded by distributing emergency aid, including baby kits, water and blankets.
CURRENT WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
FIGHTING CLIMATE CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA
Ethiopia is extremely vulnerable to disasters, and in particular, climate-induced disasters. By the end of 2015, Ethiopia was suffering its worst drought in fifty years due to the global El Nino. In the next 30 years, temperatures are expected to rise by 2 degrees, which will devastate unprepared farming commnunities.
Ethiopia has been identified as a key high-risk area, where climate change will almost certainly increase the frequency and occurrence of floods and droughts* and increasing variability and droughts will lead to food shortages.**
Unique struggles of children exposed to climate change
Children in Ethiopia are poised to bear the brunt of climate change in the coming years. The prospect of land degradation as a result of unsustainable management of crops and grazing lands is very real.*** With conditions evolving due to climate change, communities struggle to cope because the phenomenon is new. Hence, using old methods of persistent farming and overworking the land to force a yield will prove to backfire instead of mitigate effects to protect themselves and their children in the long term.
In measurable terms, with your help, fewer families will become food insecure from droughts, and disaster-induced child malnutrition can also be abated.
*Changes in precipitation patterns, rainfall variability, and temperature, which could increase the frequency and occurrence of floods and droughts
**Ibid. “The increasing year-to-year variability and increases in both droughts and heavy precipitation events lowers agricultural production with corresponding negative effects on food security”.
*** Anastasia Monoley, ‘Land degradation could force hundreds of millions of people to migrate in the coming decades’ Reuters (26 March 2018) < http://news.trust.org/item/20180326133013-3cu0u/>
WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
Training farmers on drought-resistant and climate-smart agricultural techniques
Developing early warning systems and emergency plans
Rehabilitating degraded lands to increase food supplies
Preparing the generation on disaster risk reduction, mitigation and adaptation skills to survive the future
In many parched parts of Africa, children remain at risk of drought and famine.
SAVING LIVES DURING TYPHOONS
Exceptionally At-Risk Communities (Son Tra, Vietnam)
Struck by typhoons and storm surges about 7-8 times a year, already struggling families in Son Tra, Vietnam, are at heightened risk of increased impoverishment due to extreme weather changes.
In the most vulnerable communities, more than half (52%) of all families live in makeshift houses or temporary shelters. When typhoons hit the area, these families have to abandon their flimsy houses and beg for refuge from nearby buildings.
World Vision partners the local people to pre-empt typhoons, organise rapid response teams, build evacuation shelters, stock up on relief and first-aid supplies and equip local children with lifeskills such as swimming.
Building disaster preparedness in Son Tra, Vietnam
WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
We are appealing for funds to implement an expanded six-month relief programme to reach 80,000 internally displaced people in Central Sulawesi, including:
SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with family kits (shelter and hygiene kits) to help them prepare for the upcoming monsoon season.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with basic relief items, including 500 children under 2 kits, schools kits and hygiene kits.
FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will receive distributions of nutritious food packs, consisting of rice, salt, sugar, oil, green beans and ketchup.
• 5,000 individuals will be involved in cash for work activities in the rehabilitation stage.
WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will benefit from 144 water points, rehabilitation of water sources, and facilitation of safe water provision at the household level.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will benefit from the provision and maintenance of latrines, hand-washing facilities, and facilitation of environmental sanitation.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with hygiene-related non-food items, and hygiene education (mass campaign, including hand-washing activities).
• 3,500 children will be served through child-friendly spaces.
• 1,645 women and adolescent girls will be reached with gender-based violence and protection messages via community awareness raising in women and young children spaces.
• 1,750 children under 5 and 175 pregnant women will be screened for moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition.
• 700 children under 2 and pregnant women will receive nutritious food through Infant and Young Child Feeding kitchen in more than 35 points.
• 70 tutors and 100 Community Health Volunteers will be trained on Infant, Young Child Feeding, hygiene and sanitation, and disease prevention.
• 50 integrated health posts and growth monitoring (posyandu) will be revitalised and basic equipment will also be provided (e.g. weighing scales and stature metres for growth monitoring of children).
• 35 Women Adolescent and Young Child Spaces (WAYCS) will be established and 35 packs of health, nutrition and WASH promotion information education communication will be distributed to support the WAYCS.
• 8 Health centres (puskesmas) at sub-district level will be revitalised and internally displaced people including children, pregnant/lactating mothers will be reached through mobile health services.
Relief Plans from October 2018 - March 2019