Disasters occur in many forms. Be them famines, floods, or refugee crises, World Vision focuses on helping those who are left most vulnerable and helpless by the aftermath.
The Survival Fund enables us to pre-empt increasingly predictable extreme weather, respond quickly to unforeseen catastrophes and journey with children and communities to recovery.
SULAWESI EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMI, INDONESIA
Updated as of 26 October, Friday
On 28 Sep, an earthquake of magnitude 7.4 hit Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, causing massive destruction in Donggala, Palu and Mamuju. A 2-metre high tsunami struck the coast in the aftershocks. According to reports, more than 2.4 million people are affected, 2,113 people have lost their lives, 4,612 people are injured and more than 1,309 people are still missing. In addition, 223,751 people are displaced, 67,310 homes are damaged and the education of 186,000 children is disrupted. The most vulnerable groups are child-headed households and adolescent mothers.
Though access to the affected areas is hampered, World Vision has managed to reach some 17,138* people with food assistance, child protection, Water Hygiene and Sanitation and shelter. In the coming weeks, we aim to reach 80,000 beneficiaries.
Over 1,426 children are benefitting from 11 Child Friendly Spaces, which provide them with psycho-social support and a safe space to regain a sense of normalcy
1,929 families received shelter and hygiene kits to ensure children have a safe and proper place to stay
2,442 families have clean water, protecting them from water-borne diseases
6,455 people received food supplies
Wahana Visi* Indonesia has several projects in Central Sulawesi and sponsored children in Palu, Sigi and Parimo supported by various World Vision offices.
*Wahana Visi is World Vision’s local partner in Indonesia.
Our highest priority remains the needs of children. Urgent needs identified include the need for drinking water, food for children and infants, tents and tarpaulins for temporary shelter purposes, medication and emergency health services. Key child protection issues identified include disruption of education and livelihood, lack of electricity, lack of privacy due to disruption of sanitation facilities and physical dangers due to debris. We are also working to ensure that children will not be trafficked amidst the chaos.
World Vision Singapore is supporting emergency needs of those affected, especially children. Your generous donation helps to support families with shelter kits, water supplies, child protection and psychosocial support for young children in Child-Friendly Spaces, provision of food in this urgent time, and basic items for infants.
World Vision staff are working to reach our target of at least 80,000 people for the initial relief distributions.
Shelter and hygiene kits are among the items given to families, so they have a safe and proper place to stay.
See World Vision’s response plans for the next 6 months. Our humanitarian response aims to be holistic and to address the needs of survivors beyond the immediate aftermath, in order to leave them better supported and stronger in recovery.
*Currently, beneficiary count is based on number of persons receiving aid in each aid category
TYPHOON MANGKHUT, PHILIPPINES
Updated as of 29 October, Monday
Typhoon Mangkhut made landfall in Baggao, Cagayan at 1.40am, local time, 15 September. Some 3.02million people have been affected. There was massive flooding in 79 areas and an estimated US$250 million in crop damage. Farmers everywhere experienced devastating loss of income as their crops died, and whatever remains now is of poor quality; poor crops now sell at 80% lower than before. Farmers in Cagayan fear the future as they struggle to make ends meet and feed their children or keep them in school. 51 landslides and 34 deaths were reported in Corderillo and Benguet, and children in those areas were in need of psychosocial care. There are a total of 210,500 damaged houses, representing a similar number of families whose homes have been destroyed.
World Vision's Response
Now, after the immediate emergency phase, families need to rebuild their lives. World Vision aims to reach up to 50,000 people in its entire response, and has launched recovery efforts supporting beneficiaries with:
Shelter kits and materials to start rebuilding their homes
Build back better workshops to teach locals how to rebuild houses with stronger foundation construction techniques
Cash for Labour scheme to supplement immediate needs related to shelter rebuilding
Provision of seeds to farmers to restore their livelihoods before the planting season
**Vulnerable families, especially those who lost their livelihood and had their houses entirely destroyed, are prioritised. Families with young children are also prioritised.
Help families recover, because it is in this phase that families will need your support to really stand back up and start rebuilding their lives again.
In the immediate relief phase, World Vision reached 18,000 people with:
Child-Friendly Spaces to gently support children affected by the stress of the event
Temporary shelter materials like tarpaulins
Hygiene kits to reduce preventable diseases among children
Non-food items essential for survival
MYANMAR-BANGLADESH REFUGEE CRISIS
When violence broke out in Rakhine State, Myanmar, in August 2017, hundreds of thousands fled their burning villages and the strife which arose, in desperate search for safety. Many of those who fled identify as Rohingya, and close to 80% were women and children. As of 23 May 2018, 686,000 people had fled across the border into Bangladesh. At present, there are close to 898,000 refugees from Myanmar in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.
In response, World Vision stepped up to distribute food aid and supported more than 15,160 people in nutrition support, 66,100 people with clean water, sanitation and hygiene and focused extensively on child protection interventions to more than 2,000 children.
Currently, World Vision Singapore is helping 3,300 malnourished lactating and expectant mothers in order to ensure that infants and children under-2 are nourished. This is done through Fresh Food Vouchers which allow mothers with no access to income, to have:
Other nutritious supplements
STRONGER AGAINST SUPER-TYPHOONS, PHILIPPINES
According to the World Risk Index, the Philippines ranks as the 3rd most disaster prone country in the world. In the past 30 years, there has been an average of 19 to 20 tropical cyclones on annual basis, causing more than 30,000 fatalities.
In Loon, Bohol, communities have been exposed to increasing disasters, such as landslides, tidal waves, typhoons, flash flood, fire incidents, and drought with more than once a year. From 2010, Loon was among the 17 municipalities greatly affected in Bohol with 6 earthquakes. Climate changes have also caused yearly occurrences of sea level rise, prolonged drought, El Nino, storm surge, and monsoon rains.
World Vision is preparing communities before the next disaster strikes by securing their farms, increasing their resilience and pre-positioning first aid supplies for children and families. This is done through:
Equipping community members and children on disaster risk reduction
Stocking up first aid supplies for families
Training farmers on climate-resistant cropping techniques and support seed banking
Conducting hazard mapping in Loon
Training children in disaster preparedness, child-friendly basic life support training, first aid training and environmental protection initiatives
CLIMATE CHANGE RECOVERY, KENYA
Kenya has been part of the East Africa Hunger Crisis since 2017. Aside from being extremely drought-prone, it is now also very vulnerable to climate change. In March-May 2018, after successive droughts, Kenya was struck by severe floods. The flash floods affected 240,000 people, destroyed infrastructure, water systems and water points, livestock and livelihoods. Issues identified include nutrition, WASH and shelter.
Turkana County, which was hard hit by flash floods, which is prone to drought as Lake Turkana is endangered, and where poverty rate is 94%. Water systems were damaged and access to drinking water facilities became more limited. Children are also at risk of poor nutrition given poor access to nutritious food and even food supplies during disaster time. There is also poor resilience in the area given the impact of successive disasters.
World Vision is helping drought and flood-stricken communities to recover, as well as to equip them to be more resilient to climate-induced food shocks by:
Rehabilitating and repairing damaged water systems
Repairing community water kiosks and pipeline extensions to schools
Repairing water points for livestock to support livelihood and food security
Supporting mothers to restart livelihoods for their children's nutrition
Increase resilience in food security and water in the community
LOMBOK EARTHQUAKE, INDONESIA
Lombok Island has been struck by multiple earthquakes. More than 3.5million people have been affected, including over 646,834 who are displaced, 564 have lost their lives and 149,715 houses have been damaged. World Vision is responding to the crucial needs of survivors in Lombok.
We have been on ground since the aftermath of the first quake, and focused especially on the needs of young children under two years old during the relief phase. 2 Infant and Young Child Feeding Spaces were set up, 463 children kits including swaddle cloths, socks and baby towels were distributed and 6000 meals were provided to young children.
Now, survivors of the Lombok earthquakes look to recover and restart their lives again. World Vision has committed to providing 1,200 children and families with:
Clean water supplies to provide people with clean water while water systems are repaired in the next few months
Temporary learning centres for children who are out of school to continue learning as their damaged schools await restoration
SAVING CHILD SOLDIERS, CAR
The Central African Republic (CAR) has been fraught with internal strife and violence for years. Children grow up in fragility. They are at risk of being exposed to violence and even recruited into armed groups. Even after being rescued, many ex-child soldiers face obstacles reintegrating into their communities and schools, as well as struggle to recover and heal from psychosocial distress and the scars of war.
In Damara, majority of the children had either experienced the traumatic effects of the conflict through witnessing the loss of or maiming of their loved ones, or were taken out of school.
Nurturing children previously involved in conflict to become peace-builders in their communities
Strengthening child protection mechanisms to prevent children from being affected or enrolled in armed groups
Establish Child-Friendly Spaces for children to be supported
Facilitate identification documents for children to access basic social services
Helping children access formal education and vocational skills training
Nurturing children previously involved in conflict to become peace-builders in their communities
The Syria Crisis has entered its eighth year, with more than 13.5 million people needing humanitarian assistance. Countless children were forced to flee danger and violence, some unaccompanied, and now live in temporary refugee settlements.
Children are the heart of our response efforts in the region. As winter approaches in Jordan, refugee families and host communities are at greater risk as they go without heating, warm clothing and sufficient food supplies.
We reach out to vulnerable refugees with:
Winter kits to survive the harsh winter in Jordan
Early childhood care and education, and psychosocial care for young refugee children in Lebanon.
Over 40% of refugee children (1.7 million) are not in school. This represents a generation of children at risk of being uneducated.
Child Labour & Early Marriage
Girls as young as 11 have been coerced into marriage as families cannot afford to look after them.
Children from Syria and Iraq have been displaced multiple times as a result of conflicts in 2017 (Aleppo and Mosul). This compromises their psychosocial well-being.
Injury & Violence
2016 was the most deadly for children in the entire conflict, and many were recruited into conflict as child soldiers.
Family Resources & Livelihoods
Refugee families face unemployment and no means to pay for shelter, food, clothes and school for their children.
Health, Hygiene & Disease
Schools, clinics and hospitals have been singled out for bomb attacks.
Children lack access to medical clinics across Syria, 75% are not receiving vaccinations and many are malnourished.
Children at the heart of our response
Food assistance has improved nutrition for vulnerable families in Jordan, as well as for children in schools, where healthy meals and nutritious food bars have been distributed to young refugee children who attend. This has also encouraged school attendance, up by 10% since 2016 in Za’atari Camp and doubling since 2016 in Azraq Camp.
Early childhood development enhances learning ability later in life. World Vision runs early childhood education and Child-Friendly Spaces for preschoolers. These sessions also provide psychosocial support for young children who are struggling from the stresses of the conflict.
Health services increase survival and good health for children and mothers. In Syria, World Vision provided emergency health services and ran mobile health clinics in 2018, including emergency obstetrics along with antenatal and neonatal care, improving survival rates amongst babies and mothers.
World Vision's approach to the needs of children in the Syria Crisis
When refugees fled from Syria and into neighbouring countries, World Vision responded by distributing emergency aid, including baby kits, water and blankets.
CURRENT WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
FIGHTING CLIMATE CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA
Ethiopia is extremely vulnerable to disasters, and in particular, climate-induced disasters. By the end of 2015, Ethiopia was suffering its worst drought in fifty years due to the global El Nino. In the next 30 years, temperatures are expected to rise by 2 degrees, which will devastate unprepared farming commnunities.
Ethiopia has been identified as a key high-risk area, where climate change will almost certainly increase the frequency and occurrence of floods and droughts* and increasing variability and droughts will lead to food shortages.**
Unique struggles of children exposed to climate change
Children in Ethiopia are poised to bear the brunt of climate change in the coming years. The prospect of land degradation as a result of unsustainable management of crops and grazing lands is very real.*** With conditions evolving due to climate change, communities struggle to cope because the phenomenon is new. Hence, using old methods of persistent farming and overworking the land to force a yield will prove to backfire instead of mitigate effects to protect themselves and their children in the long term.
In measurable terms, with your help, fewer families will become food insecure from droughts, and disaster-induced child malnutrition can also be abated.
*Changes in precipitation patterns, rainfall variability, and temperature, which could increase the frequency and occurrence of floods and droughts
**Ibid. “The increasing year-to-year variability and increases in both droughts and heavy precipitation events lowers agricultural production with corresponding negative effects on food security”.
*** Anastasia Monoley, ‘Land degradation could force hundreds of millions of people to migrate in the coming decades’ Reuters (26 March 2018) < http://news.trust.org/item/20180326133013-3cu0u/>
WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
Training farmers on drought-resistant and climate-smart agricultural techniques
Developing early warning systems and emergency plans
Rehabilitating degraded lands to increase food supplies
Preparing the generation on disaster risk reduction, mitigation and adaptation skills to survive the future
In many parched parts of Africa, children remain at risk of drought and famine.
SAVING LIVES DURING TYPHOONS
Exceptionally At-Risk Communities (Son Tra, Vietnam)
Struck by typhoons and storm surges about 7-8 times a year, already struggling families in Son Tra, Vietnam, are at heightened risk of increased impoverishment due to extreme weather changes.
In the most vulnerable communities, more than half (52%) of all families live in makeshift houses or temporary shelters. When typhoons hit the area, these families have to abandon their flimsy houses and beg for refuge from nearby buildings.
World Vision partners the local people to pre-empt typhoons, organise rapid response teams, build evacuation shelters, stock up on relief and first-aid supplies and equip local children with lifeskills such as swimming.
Building disaster preparedness in Son Tra, Vietnam
WORLD VISION INTERVENTIONS
We are appealing for funds to implement an expanded six-month relief programme to reach 80,000 internally displaced people in Central Sulawesi, including:
SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with family kits (shelter and hygiene kits) to help them prepare for the upcoming monsoon season.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with basic relief items, including 500 children under 2 kits, schools kits and hygiene kits.
FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will receive distributions of nutritious food packs, consisting of rice, salt, sugar, oil, green beans and ketchup.
• 5,000 individuals will be involved in cash for work activities in the rehabilitation stage.
WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will benefit from 144 water points, rehabilitation of water sources, and facilitation of safe water provision at the household level.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will benefit from the provision and maintenance of latrines, hand-washing facilities, and facilitation of environmental sanitation.
• 80,000 individuals (20,000 households) will be provided with hygiene-related non-food items, and hygiene education (mass campaign, including hand-washing activities).
• 3,500 children will be served through child-friendly spaces.
• 1,645 women and adolescent girls will be reached with gender-based violence and protection messages via community awareness raising in women and young children spaces.
• 1,750 children under 5 and 175 pregnant women will be screened for moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition.
• 700 children under 2 and pregnant women will receive nutritious food through Infant and Young Child Feeding kitchen in more than 35 points.
• 70 tutors and 100 Community Health Volunteers will be trained on Infant, Young Child Feeding, hygiene and sanitation, and disease prevention.
• 50 integrated health posts and growth monitoring (posyandu) will be revitalised and basic equipment will also be provided (e.g. weighing scales and stature metres for growth monitoring of children).
• 35 Women Adolescent and Young Child Spaces (WAYCS) will be established and 35 packs of health, nutrition and WASH promotion information education communication will be distributed to support the WAYCS.
• 8 Health centres (puskesmas) at sub-district level will be revitalised and internally displaced people including children, pregnant/lactating mothers will be reached through mobile health services.
Relief Plans from October 2018 - March 2019